‘Bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ approaches

As you plan your lesson, do you start with the small building blocks and then expanding? Or do you start with the big picture and break it down? These two approaches actually have names - ‘bottom-up’ and ‘top-down’ approaches. The terms have been borrowed from cognitive psychology, but derive originally from computer science, where they…
How to teach teenagers?

Teaching teenagers is probably the most challenging task. While young learners are enthusiastic about everything, adults are usually motivated and know why they are learning English, teenage learners differ from other learners as they are thought to be the most disobedient in behaviour and most discouraged to learn. In this infographic we have collected some…
План урока "Travelling to Ireland"

In this lesson students learn more about Ireland, places of interest, learn some basic and practical information about the country, practice speaking for fluency in the context of “travelling”, practice listening for specific information and detail.   Age: teens / adults Level:  Pre-Intermediate / Intermediate Time: 45 mins Lesson type: Listening and Speaking Number of…
Idiom origins

For true fluency, students need to be able to understand English idioms, some of them might seem a bit odd. We use idioms without even thinking about where they come from, but knowing a bit about the origins of these sayings is helpful in cementing these language nuggets in the mind. Here are some most…
ABC for beginning teachers (Observation checklist)

When you just start teaching, what is really beneficial is to observe your colleagues’ lessons. It improves your self-awareness of the teaching process, gives you new insight into a particular student’s behavior or performance, you can learn more about other materials and methods, also you can identify your own areas of teaching and lesson planning…
План урока "Autumn idioms"

In this lesson students learn and practise idioms connected to autumn. Age: teens / adults Level: Intermediate + Time: 50 mins Lesson type: Vocabulary and speaking Number of students: 1 - 8 Materials:  a worksheet Autumn idioms (worksheet) Autumn idioms (teacher’s notes) Мария Цедрик
ABC for beginning teachers (lesson planning)

Lesson planning is a significant element of teaching-learning system. A lesson plan is a step-by-step guide that provides a structure for an essential learning. It helps the teacher to choose the materials, adapt the activities to student’s needs, be prepared to possible problems. An effective lesson plan has three basic components; aims and objectives of…
How to start teaching online: 7 tips

Online education have seen a significant growth and more and more people are using the Internet to study English. Common reasons are convenience, accessibility, and scheduling flexibility. This growth opens up new avenues of income and career advancement for teachers who are eager to try something new and adjust to new world. Here are 7…
Обзор свежих учебников для подростков

К началу учебного года часто преподаватели задаются вопросом, какой учебник выбрать для занятий. Обновлять учебники стоит как можно чаще, рекомендуется каждые 3 года, так как информация устаревает, цели изучения языка меняются. Если говорить о подростках, то  это отдельная категория студентов, которых надо постоянно заинтересовывать, удивлять, использовать свежую и актуальную информацию. Вы уже изучили такие учебники…
ABC for beginning teachers (ELT glossary)

YLE, TPR, L1, TTT, PPP ? Are you a beginning teacher and strange abbreviations in ELT books drive you crazy? Or maybe you are not sure what ‘recast’ and ‘scaffolding’ mean. We prepared a list of essential English language teaching (ELT) terminology. Chant To repeat a phrase, sentence, rhyme, verse, poem or song, usually with others, in…