На уроке разбираем грамматическую тему Mixed Conditionals, которая часто вызывает у учеников трудности. Занятие включает теоретическую часть с объяснением правил и практическую с упражнениями на отработку грамматики и письма. В конце — разговорная практика.

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Возраст: от 20 лет.
Уровень: Upper Intermediate.

Цели урока: Разбор темы English Mixed Conditionals на теоретическом и практическом уровне.

Навыки:

  • Развитие навыков письма.
  • Развитие аналитических способностей у учеников.
  • Практика разговорной речи и умение использовать English Mixed Conditionals в зависимости от контекста и заданной темы.

План урока:

  1. Theory: Mixed Conditionals
  2. Grammar Exercises
  3. Writing Exercises
  4. Speaking Exercise

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1. Theory: Mixed Conditionals

Методический совет: теоретическая часть может быть дана ученику заранее для освоения. На уроке предлагается дать возможность ученику своими словами на английском языке изложить суть правила, привести свои собственные примеры. Такой метод позволяет освоить информацию быстрее (p.s.: один из эффективных методов обучения чему-либо представляет собой подход, когда человек объясняет кому-то материал, в этом случае усвоение знаний происходит быстрее).

Mixed conditionals combine elements of both the second conditional (unreal condition in the present) and the third conditional (unreal condition in the past). In mixed conditionals, the condition clause refers to the past, while the result clause refers to the present (or vice versa). This blending of tenses allows speakers to discuss hypothetical situations and their potential consequences in a nuanced way.

Structure:

The structure of mixed conditionals involves using past perfect (had + past participle) in the condition clause and would + base form of the verb in the result clause. Alternatively, you can use would have + past participle in the result clause.

If-clause (Condition Clause):

Past perfect (had + past participle)

Main Clause (Result Clause):

Would + base form of the verb OR would have + past participle

Examples:

Present Result of a Past Condition:

If I had studied harder, I would have a better job now.

(This sentence implies that the person didn’t study hard in the past, and as a result, they don’t have a better job now.)

Past Result of a Present Condition:

If I were taller, I would be more confident.

(This sentence suggests that the person is not tall in the present, and as a result, they lack confidence.)

Present Result of a Past Condition (Alternative):

If she had known about the party, she would be here now.

(This sentence implies that she didn’t know about the party in the past, and as a result, she is not here now.)

Past Result of a Present Condition (Alternative):

If he didn’t eat so much, he wouldn’t have gained weight.

(This sentence suggests that he eats too much in the present, and as a result, he gained weight.)

Mixed Conditional with «Would Have» in Result Clause:

If they hadn’t missed the flight, they would have arrived on time.

(This sentence implies that they missed the flight in the past, and as a result, they didn’t arrive on time.)

Usage:

Mixed conditionals are used to talk about hypothetical situations and their outcomes, especially when discussing regrets, missed opportunities, or unrealizable wishes.

They emphasize the relationship between past actions (or situations) and present consequences.

Conclusion:

Mixed conditionals provide a flexible framework for discussing unrealized scenarios and their implications on the present or vice versa. By blending past and present tenses, speakers can convey nuanced meanings related to regrets, missed opportunities, and hypothetical situations. These constructs are valuable tools for expressing complex ideas in English.

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2. Grammar Exercises

Методический совет: ниже предлагаются задания на отработку грамматической темы. Порядок задания условный и может быть изменен.

o   Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verbs to complete the mixed conditional sentences:

a. If she ____________(study) harder, she ____________(pass) the exam.
b. If I ____________(know) about the traffic jam, I ____________(leave) earlier.
c. If they ____________(visit) their grandmother last weekend, they ____________(see) her before she got sick.
d. If he ____________(not break) his leg, he ____________(participate) in the race.
e. If we ____________(not miss) the train, we ____________(arrive) on time.

Answers:

a. had studied, would have passed
b. had known, would have left
c. had visited, would have seen
d. had not broken, would have participated
e. had not missed, would have arrived

o   Choose the correct option to complete the sentences:

a. If she ____________(speak) Spanish, she ____________(travel) to Spain more often.
b. If I ____________(not take) that job offer, I ____________(not meet) my current boss.
c. If he ____________(have) more money, he ____________(buy) a bigger house.
d. If they ____________(study) harder, they ____________(get) better grades.
e. If it ____________(rain) tomorrow, we ____________(not go) for a picnic.

Answers:

a. spoke, would travel
b. had not taken, would not have met
c. had, would buy
d. had studied, would get
e. rains, will not go

o   Fill in the blanks with the correct verb form:

a. If I ____________(see) the warning signs, I ____________(not invest) my money in that company.
b. She ____________(not be) late if she ____________(wake up) on time.
c. If he ____________(study) harder, he ____________(pass) the exam.
d. They ____________(not get) lost if they ____________(follow) the map.
e. If it ____________(snow) tomorrow, we ____________(build) a snowman.

Answers:

a. had seen, would not have invested
b. wouldn’t be, had woken up
c. had studied, would have passed
d. wouldn’t have got, had followed
e. snows, will build

o   Complete the sentences with the correct mixed conditional form:

a. If they ____________(not forget) my birthday last year, I ____________(not feel) upset.
b. If he ____________(not move) to another country, he ____________(not learn) a new language.
c. If I ____________(know) how to swim, I ____________(go) scuba diving.
d. If she ____________(not lose) her keys, she ____________(not have) to call a locksmith.
e. If it ____________(be) sunny today, we ____________(have) a picnic in the park.

Answers:

a. hadn’t forgotten, wouldn’t have felt
b. hadn’t moved, wouldn’t have learned
c. knew, would go
d. hadn’t lost, wouldn’t have had
e. were, would have had

o   Identify the correct mixed conditional pattern in each sentence:

a. If I had studied harder, I would have passed the exam.
b. If he spoke Spanish, he would travel to Spain more often.
c. If they had left earlier, they wouldn’t have missed the train.
d. If she were taller, she would have become a model.
e. If it hadn’t rained yesterday, we would have gone for a picnic.

Answers:

a. Third conditional
b. Second conditional
c. Third conditional
d. Second conditional
e. Third conditional

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3. Writing Exercises

  1. Write a paragraph about a hypothetical situation using mixed conditionals. Consider the consequences of an action not taken in the past and its effect on the present.
  2. Write a dialogue between two people discussing what they would have done differently if they had known certain information earlier.

Советуем и эти статьи для уроков английского языка:

4. Speaking Exercise

Discuss with a partner a hypothetical scenario using mixed conditionals. Take turns creating a scenario and discussing its potential outcomes based on past actions or events.

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