Narrative tenses are verb tenses that are used to talk about the past. We usually find them in stories, textbooks, spoken accounts and descriptions of past events. In English, there are 4 narrative tenses: past simple, past continuous, past perfect and past perfect continuous. One or more of these can be found in a sentence. That is why ESL learners face obstacles while using narrative tenses.
Taking into account the importance of narrative tenses in English here we present three types of online interactive exercises that will definitely come in handy. The tasks are suitable for Intermediate and Upper Intermediate level.
Task 1. Match the pairs
The exercise presented is an introduction and the first step to learn narrative tenses. Students find logical pairs and match them on Learning Apps. Ask them to paraphrase each sentence and to explain when the events in these sentences happened. If necessary, you can also compare the equivalents in their mother tongue.
Task 2. Fill in the gaps with the correct tense form
After matching the pairs and getting a more clear understanding of narrative tenses, your students can do this exercise. Here they must fill in the gaps with the correct tense form of the verb given in the brackets. This will help them get more practice.
Task 3. Choose the correct tense form
The final step is to be able to use all narrative tenses in one story. Here is an extract from a CNN news article — a love story in the elevator. In this interactive exercise, students must choose the correct tense form of the verbs, paying attention to the whole story.
I am pretty sure these exercises will help your students better understand narrative tenses in English and use them properly.
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