Страноведение на английском языке: пять упражнений к уроку для 9 класса

До конца учебного года остается несколько месяцев. В этот период многие пишут пробники ОГЭ, чтобы набить руку и отследить прогресс. Но что делать, если у вас в классе есть ученики, которые не сдают этот экзамен по английскому языку? Предлагаем выполнить несколько задания в формате экзамена и разбавить их дополнительными активностями. Мы составили подборку упражнений на тему «Родная страна и страна (страны) изучаемого языка» по английскому языку для 9 класса.


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Упражнение 1. Задание по чтению

Ученики должны определить, в каком из текстов A–F на английском языке содержатся ответы на вопросы 1–7 и занести ответы в таблицу.

1. Which place in London keeps a message for future generations?
2. Which place in London is good to watch sports and buy related goods?
3. How long does it take to raise the famous bridge for a ship?
4. How does a fairytale character help real people of London?
5. Which London bridge got a nickname after its reconstruction?
6. What is the most visited tourist attraction in London?
7. What were the false buildings in London made for?

A. Tower Bridge, which is over a hundred years old, has become a symbol of London. It is the only bridge on the Thames that can be raised and lowered to allow ships to pass. Nowadays it takes only 90 seconds for the heavy drawbridges to be pulled up with electric motors. It is considered that watching the Tower Bridge opening brings good luck.

B. Waterloo Bridge is a foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London. It was opened in 1817, on the second anniversary of the famous battle. A century later, in the early 1940s, the famous Bridge needed to be rebuilt. It was during World War II, and most men were away fighting. So the bridge was rebuilt mainly by women. The new Waterloo Bridge was opened in 1945 and got a second name, the “Ladies Bridge”.

C. Wembley Stadium is a football stadium located in Wembley Park, London. The stadium is home not only to football. It also hosts concerts, rugby games and American football games. There is Wembley Market not far from the stadium. Unlike many London street markets, this one is situated in an open space. A visit here is a good option for football fans to find club T-shirts, boots or accessories.

D. 23 and 24 Leinster Gardens in Paddington (just opposite Hyde Park) are fake houses built to hide the Tube line running underneath. The windows are painted on, there are no letter boxes, and behind the facade there is a railway. The first London underground trains were steam trains so they needed ventilation. Underground lines were planned with tunnels and open-air sections so the trains could let out their steam and smoke, and that is what the house facades are hiding.

E. Great Ormond Street Hospital, which is situated at Russell Square, London, owns the copyright to Peter Pan, a story written by J.M. Barrie. The author had no children himself and gifted the rights to his famous literary pieces to the hospital in 1929. The hospital receives royalties from all films, cartoons and performances of Peter Pan. All the money is used to run the hospital.

F. Cleopatra’s Needle was brought to London in 1819 from Alexandria, the royal city of Cleopatra. Underneath Cleopatra’s Needle there’s a time capsule from 1778. It keeps information about 18th century life. It contains copies of the Bible in several languages, a portrait of Queen Victoria, a set of British coins, cigars, a razor, a map of London, copies of 10 daily newspapers and pictures of the 12 best-looking English women of the day.

Ответы: A–3, B–5, C–2, D–7, E–4, F–1.

Как пройти отбор в команду?

Вас ждет тест, знакомство с платформой, тренировочный урок, заполнение профиля.

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После выполнения задания пройдитесь по местам, которые указаны в тексте, с помощью Google Maps. Используйте режим просмотра улиц.

На первом занятии после 17 марта (день, когда в 2024 году отмечают День святого Патрика) можно разобрать текст про Ирландию.

1. What old Irish traditions are still followed? 
2. What vegetables are exported from Ireland to other countries?
3. What vegetable is very popular in Irish cuisine?
4. Why were Irish people afraid of wearing green in old times?
5. What made the Irish town popular?
6. What is wrong with the stereotype of an Irish person?
7. How can you keep the talisman effective?

A. When you think of the Irish, you often picture a red-haired person dressed all in green. However, it’s just a popular myth. It’s customary in Ireland to wear green clothes only on St. Patrick’s Day. Lots of people are tricked by this cliché. In fact, originally, the colour associated with Saint Patrick was not green but blue.

B. In Ireland, the colour green was long considered to bring bad fortune. The reason is that, in Irish folklore, green is the favourite color of the Good People (the proper name for fairies). Myths run that they are likely to steal people, especially children, who wear too much of the colour. In the past, a girl would never wear anything green on her wedding day.

C. Christmas is a very important celebration in Ireland. People try to keep the old Irish customs. After dinner on Christmas Eve, it is still common for families to leave milk and bread on the table as a sign of friendliness and kindness. Another custom is to leave the door unlocked. A lit candle is left in a window during the night. It represents help for any traveller who is passing by.

D. Irish people enjoy good and substantial food. The basis for many traditional Irish dishes is potatoes which are eaten boiled, mashed, fried and baked. Potatoes are mixed with cabbage or green onions to make traditional Irish dishes. They are also made into potato cakes and used in soups or stews. It’s common to find potatoes cooked in two different ways on the same dinner plate.

E. In Ireland it is believed that shamrock brings good fortune to everyone. It helps in different situations and saves its owner from bad luck. There are certain conditions to be met so that its power remains strong: the owner of the shamrock must keep it away from the public eye and never give it to anyone else.

F. Ireland is known as the native land of limericks — short humorous poems that have five lines. They make people laugh and are easy to remember! Lots of poets and writers were fond of limericks. The word limerick probably comes from the Irish town of Limerick. The short poem has made the town known all over the world.

Ответы: A–6, B–4, C–1, D–3, E–7, F–5.

После работы с текстом в формате ОГЭ почитайте с учениками рассказ о том, как поймать лепрекона.

Хочется чего-то экзотического? Тогда давайте отправимся в Новую Зеландию.

Включите видео и попросите отгадать, какая это англоговорящая страна.

Когда ученики отгадают, выполните задание по чтению.

1. How many of the native people of New Zealand still live there?
2. What meteorological information can you get looking at the flag?
3. What traditions have the Maoris kept to the present day?
4. Which tourist destination in New Zealand can become extremely dangerous?
5. Where can you see the landscapes of New Zealand without going there?
6. How did people damage the ecosystem of New Zealand?
7. After which European place was New Zealand named?

A. The weather of New Zealand is pleasant in all seasons, though it’s rather windy. Wellington, the country’s capital, is known as the Windy City. The strongest winds blow from the south. The wind speed and direction can be seen from the flag flown from the Parliament. A large flag is flown only on calm days and a small flag is flown when windy days are expected.

B. More than a century before Columbus crossed the Atlantic to discover America, the Maoris sailed over thousands of kilometers of ocean to settle in New Zealand. They made their great journey in double canoes. Today, Maoris make up 14 percent of the country’s population, and their history, language and traditions are central to New Zealand’s identity.

C. Before humans settled in New Zealand, it had an incredible variety of birds. As they had no natural enemies to fly away from, wings became unnecessary for some birds. When Maoris and, later, Europeans went to New Zealand, they started to hunt birds. They also brought predators, including rats. The new enemies and loss of territory led to the reduction in the birds’ populations and to the complete extinction of some species.

D. Ever since the first “Lord of the Rings” film was released in 2001, New Zealand has been known as the “Home of Middle-earth”. New Zealand’s dramatic scenery plays the mythical world of Middle-earth on the big screen in both ‘The Lord of the Rings’ and ‘The Hobbit’ trilogies. More than 250 places throughout the country were used as locations for the films, which made New Zealand the greatest destination for Tolkien enthusiasts.

E. New Zealand is an extremely beautiful country situated in the south-western Pacific Ocean. Mountain ranges and hill country dominate New Zealand’s landscape. Its dramatic views impressed the Europeans when they first landed on the islands. The name New Zealand comes from the Dutch Nieuw Zeeland. This name was given by the first European explorer Abel Tasmanafter the province of Zeeland in the Netherlands.

F. Auckland’s diverse landscapes provide countless opportunities to be impressed: rainforests and black sand beaches, picturesque country gardens and calm bays. However, this region is spotted with 48 volcanic cones. Rangitoto Island, just a 25-minute ferry ride from Auckland, is the region’s most iconic volcano. A lot of tourists visit the island every day to see the volcano. But who knows when it might wake up?

Ответы: A–2, B–1, C–6, D–5, E–7, F–4.

Вам и вашим ученикам могут быть интересны и эти материалы:

Упражнение 2. Задание на произношение

Попросите прочитать текст на английском языке вслух. У учеников есть 1,5 минуты на подготовку.

You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

It’s hard to find a more popular Russian symbol than the traditional Russian doll, or Matryoshka. It is well-known all over the world. The first set of dolls appeared in Moscow in 1890. It consisted of eight dolls. All of them were children: seven girls, one boy, and a baby. In those times, Matryoshkas were not meant as toys for children as their price was very high. Mostly, adults bought them as presents or home decorations. There was a belief that if you put a note with a wish into Matryoshka, it would come true. At the beginning of the XX century, Russia started to export their national dolls abroad.

Ответ учеников можно записать на диктофон и сравнить с тем, как прочитал бы на английском языке этот текст искусственный интеллект. Для этого переведите текст из задания в голосовое сообщение с помощью сайта NaturalReader.

Ученики подзабыли, где находится Королевство Великобритания? Тогда пора достать глобус, прочитать текст и постараться найти местоположение стран из отрывка.

Task 1. You are going to read the text aloud. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, and then be ready to read it aloud. Remember that you will not have more than 2 minutes for reading aloud.

The Channel Tunnel is a rail tunnel beneath the English Channel which links Great Britain and France. It is considered to be one of the most amazing engineering constructions in Europe. The second longest undersea tunnel in the world was opened in 1994. It is said that 13,000 workers and engineers participated in the construction project. The Channel Tunnel contains three tunnels. The south tunnel is for people who are travelling from France to the UK, the north tunnel takes passengers from the UK to France. Nowadays it takes 35 minutes to go from Paris to London in the Channel Tunnel. The third tunnel is a service tunnel. It is not used by passengers.

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Узнайте об этом, ответив на 6 вопросов,
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Упражнение 3. Задание на говорение

Попросите класс развернуто ответить на вопросы (не больше 2 минут, 10–12 предложений). На подготовку выделите 1,5 минуты.

You are going to give a talk about school life. You will have to start in 1.5 minutes and speak for not more than 2 minutes (10–12 sentences). Remember to say:

• Why people like travelling in Russia;
• What means of transport is the most popular for travelling in Russia, and why;
• What places in Russia you would like to visit;
• What your attitude to travelling is.

You have to talk continuously.

И снова воспользуемся искусственным интеллектом. Сможет ли он разобрать все слова ученика? Продиктуйте ответ к заданию на английском языке на сайте Dictation.io. Он точно преобразует речь в текст в режиме реального времени. Затем можно добавить абзацы, знаки препинания и даже смайлы с помощью голосовых команд.

Дополнительные материалы для занятий с подростками:

Упражнение 4. Задание на аудирование и говорение

Одному ученику надо послушать запись и ответить на вопросы про родной город. Остальные ученики в классе не слышат вопросы — только ответы. Они должны догадаться, что спрашивали в аудиозаписи.

Альтернативное задание: ученик представляет, что он из англоговорящей страны, и рассказывает про город. Остальные ученики пытаются отгадать, о каком городе он говорит.

Всего 4 голосовых отделяют
вас от Skyeng!

Рассказываем, как записать аудиоинтервью и пройти отбор в команду.

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Упражнение 5. Задание по письму

В 2024 году формат личного письма на ОГЭ по английскому языку по сравнению с предыдущим годом не изменился — надо написать электронное письмо. Давайте потренируемся. Вот задание:

You have received an email from your English-speaking pen-friend Ben:

From: ben@mail.uk
To: russian_friend@oge.ru
Subject: Summer

… I’ve just been to Australia. That was unbelievable! I definitely want to go there again!… Where did you spend your last summer? What did you like most about it? Which country would you like to visit one day, and why? …

Write a message to Ben and answer his 3 questions.
Write 100–120 words.
Remember the rules of email writing.

Потренировались? Тогда пора написать настоящее письмо реальному человеку. И все — на английском языке! Postcrossing нам в помощь. Это бесплатный сервис для обмена открытками. Ученикам надо зарегистрироваться на сайте, написать пару слов о себе и указать свой почтовый адрес — на него вам будут приходить открытки. Сразу после регистрации они получат пять адресов, выбранных из базы проекта в случайном порядке. По этим адресам они должны отправить открытки и потом с нетерпением ждать ответа.

Поделитесь в комментариях, какие упражнения на английском языке по этой теме любят выполнять ваши ученики в 9 классе.

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