Аниме на уроках английского: упражнения к фильмам Хаяо Миядзаки

Среди увлечений подростков особое место занимает аниме. И это не стиль рисования персонажей, как может показаться на первый взгляд, а часть японской культуры, вид искусства, который утверждает общечеловеческие ценности. Часто герои фильмов аниме — это дети, поэтому жанр и популярен среди этой аудитории, но его любят и взрослые. Предлагаем вам упражнения для проведения уроков с подростками уровня Intermediate.

Классик жанра аниме — основатель студии Ghibli режиссер и мультипликатор Хаяо Миядзаки. Его фильмы затрагивают нравственные вопросы, а также интересны для развития языковых навыков, поэтому именно его работы мы выбрали для заданий:

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“Whisper of the heart” (Шепот сердца) 12+

Эти материалы можно использовать на уроке, обсуждая личные качества и таланты каждого человека (“Personality”, “Talents”).

Teacher: Look at the girl in this animated picture. What is she doing?

This is Shizuka. She is a teen girl studying in a usual Japanese school. She adores reading and has a great opportunity to do it as her father works in a library. In her free time she likes writing lyrics for her friends’ favourite songs.

She found a wonderful antique store with amazing things and really amazing talented people who admire her.

Упражнение 1

Look at these words: diamonds, rubies, emeralds, sapphires. Name them in one word (answer: precious stones, gemstones or gems). Which do you think are the most beautiful?

Упражнение 2

Watch the extract and choose the correct options:

The old man says that in the beginning a person is …

  • like a beautiful emerald;
  • like a rock with hidden gems inside;
  • like a polished geode.

Могут пригодиться и эти статьи:

Упражнение 3

Read the text and choose “True”, “False” or “Not stated”.

It’s a special kind of rock called a geode. Hold it close to your eye and look inside—those crystals are called beryl. There are pieces of raw emeralds deep inside them. Emeralds are worth a lot of money, but they need to be cut and polished first.

When you first become an artist, you’re like that rock. You’re in a raw natural state with hidden gems inside. You need to dig down deep and find the emeralds tucked away inside you. And that’s just the beginning. Once you’ve found your gems, you have to polish them. It takes a lot of hard work. Oh, and here’s the tricky part. Look at the crack in the geode. You see that big green crystal there? You could spend years polishing that, and it wouldn’t be worth much at all. The smaller crystals are much more valuable. And there may be some even deeper inside than you can’t see.
  1. Shizuka is holding a geode in her hands. (True)
  2. There is an emerald inside the rock. (False)
  3. When a person wants to be a creator he or she seems to be like a gem. (False)
  4. When you have found your talent you have to overcome difficulties developing it. (True)
  5. After you find out your talent, you will spend more than five years “polishing” it. (Not stated)
  6. An artist can be multitalented and not the biggest talent is the most valuable. (True)

Упражнение 4

Match the metaphors in this text:

Аниме на уроках английского: упражнения к фильмам Хаяо Миядзаки
Keys: 1C, 2A, 3B, 4D

Упражнение 5

Answer the questions:

  1. Do you agree that almost every person has a lot of talents hidden inside and can become a real gem? Why?
  2. What do you think “once you have found your gems you have to polish them” means?
  3. Do you think it is worth to look for your “gems” (your talents)? Why?
  4. What does the old man call “a tricky part”? Why?
  5. Watch the video (0:49 – 1:45) and listen to Seiji. Fill in the gaps. Has he found his “gem”? Why?
“No, my violin playing is nothing special. My _____ (ultimate) goal life is to be a world-class _____ (violin maker)”.

Now watch the video (1:05 – 1:14) and listen to Shizuka. Fill in the gaps. Has Shizuka found her “gem”? Why?

“That’s great that you _____ (know) what you want to do with your _____ (life) I don’t have a _____ (clue) what I want to do with _____ (mine)”.

What do you think Shizuka is going to do? (answer: She’s going to check her writing talent and write a story).

Упражнение 6

Watch and listen (09:30 – 10:03) and tick the correct options:

The masterpiece “Whisper of the Heart” is :

  • A great film for young and creative human beings.
  • About the first spark.
  • About the fear of starting out.
  • About striving for the perfection that you would never see.
  • About absolute failure of the first attempt (no).
  • About trying to hone your talents.
  • About being torched (no).
  • About overcoming fears because of your enthusiasm.

Упражнение 7

Answer the questions:

  1. What do you think is one of the main ideas of this film? 
  2. Are you going to watch it if you haven’t? What is your favourite character and scene if you have watched?
  3. Do you know what you are going to do in your life in five, ten or more years? Do you think you have found your gem?
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“Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (Навсикая из долины ветров) 12+

Работу с этим фильмом можно включить в урок по теме “Environmental and ecological problems” и построить таким образом:

Teacher: Nausicaä is a teenage girl from the future. For a lot of years people have been living in an aggressive world partly destroyed by great environmental pollution. In her world there is poisonous jungle and people try to survive.

But they’ve got a hope. What do you think it can be?

Больше статей по теме:

Упражнение 1

Let’s watch, listen (0:23 – 1:31) and check your idea:

Now listen again and fill in the gaps:

Obaba: That’s impossible. Lord Yupa must continue his _____ (search). It’s his destiny.
Lord Yupa: My destiny?
Nausicaä: Obaba. What is it the lord Yupa searches for?
Obaba: The ancestors on this tapestry were changed before you. Although I can no longer see it, I remember it well. There is a figure in the upper left corner. After a _____ (thousand) years of darkness he will come. Glad in blue and surrounded by fields of gold to _____ (restore) mankind’s connection with the Earth that was destroyed.
And he will guide the people of the planet at last to the land of _____ (purity).
Nausicaä: Lord Yupa, you are searching for the man in blue? I thought it was a _____ (myth)?
Lord Yupa: It is a myth. Obaba is just teasing me.
Obaba: Not true. That is the goal you seek.
Lord Yupa: The only goal I seek, Obaba, is to understand the _____ (mystery) of the toxic jungle. I want to know if mankind is truly fated to be swallowed by it or there is still some hope that we may _____ (survive).

Упражнение 2

Find the words in the text that match to the explanations:

  1. all people living on the Earth (mankind);
  2. a fate (a destiny);
  3. a picture made of threads that usually symbolizes some important moments in history (tapestry);
  4. an unreal story (myth);
  5. a purpose (goal);
  6. to return something to an earlier good condition (restore);
  7. be destroyed by something (be swallowed).

Упражнение 3

Answer the questions:

  1. What hope do the people have to survive?
  2. What threats are they talking about?
  3. How does Lord Yupa see his mission? What does Obaba tell him to do?
  4. Do you think they will succeed in saving their world and restoring the connection with the planet? How do you think it can be possible?
  5. What do you think is the main idea of the film? Why is it called a masterpiece, you think?
  6. Do you think the world described in the film is really possible? Why?

Советуем заглянуть в эти статьи — еще больше идей для необычных занятий с подростками:

Многие фильмы жанра аниме не только расширяют словарный запас учеников и развивают навыки аудирования, чтения и другие. Гораздо важнее, что большинство этих фильмов позволяют на уроке начать интересную и важную дискуссию о самых главных общечеловеческих ценностях.

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