06.04.2023
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Как отработать грамматику английского языка с помощью фильмов и мультфильмов

Ученики не используют некоторые грамматические структуры, потому что не до конца понимают, как их применять. Исправить ситуацию помогут примеры из речи носителей языка. Где их взять? Ответ прост — в фильмах и мультфильмах. Предлагаем вам несколько полезных видеоиллюстраций и упражнений. Задания подходят для студентов уровней Intermediate и Upper-Intermediate.

Видео для проработки тем:

  1. Verbs. Conditionals
  2. Verbs. Modals in the Past
  3. Adjectives

1. Verbs. Conditionals

Zero Conditional

Предложите ученику познакомиться с отрывком из фильма “Devil wears Prada” «Дьявол носит Prada».

• Andy works in a Fashion magazine with a very strict boss. Now Andy is talking to her co-worker Nigel. Watch the video (0:32 – 0:46) and fill in the gaps:

I don’t really know what else I can do because…
If I _______ (do something) right it’s _______ (unacknowledged) she _______ (doesn’t) even say “thank you”, but if I do something _______ (wrong) she _______ (is vicious).

Answer the questions:

  1. Why is Andy using Zero-Conditional?
  2. Is she talking about real or hypothetical actions?
  3. Is she talking about future, present or past actions?
  4. Why do you think the film is called “Devil wears Prada”?
  5. Explain the meaning of the word “vicious”.

First Conditional

• Mulan decided to go to the army to replace her father. Watch the video (from 2:40) and fill in the gaps:

Grandma: Mulan is gone!
Dad: It can’t be! MULAN! No!
Mum: You must go after her! She could be killed!
Dad: If I _______ (reveal) her, she _______ (will be).
https://youtu.be/C9lq96_CUDM

Answer the questions:

  1. Why did Mulan go to the army instead of her father?
  2. Why didn’t her father go after her?
  3. Is he talking about real or hypothetical future?

Больше примеров First Conditional в мультфильмах:

Second Conditional

A young boy lives in an orphanage. His dream is to find his real parents. He is a talented musician that is why he is sure his mum and dad must be musicians too. He’s telling about why he wants to study music. Watch the video “August Rash” (0:50 – 0:57) and fill in the gaps:

The music. I thought if I _______ (could play), they _______ (would know) I was alive and _______ (find) me.

Answer the questions:

  1. Do you think his dream will come true?
  2. Is the boy talking about real or hypothetical future?

Больше примеров использования Second Conditional в фильмах:

Third Conditional

Watch “Once upon a time” and fill in the gaps:

The doctor said if I _______ (had found) you ten minutes later, it _______ (would have been) too late.
It’s amazing, isn’t it?
If I _______ (hadn’t forgotten) my phone, I _______ (wouldn’t have been) on that road at that time.

Answer the questions:

  1. Is Regina talking about present, past or future?
  2. Is she talking about real or hypothetical situation?

Вам могут пригодиться и другие идеи для отработки темы Conditionals:

Verbs. Modals in the Past

Критика или сожаление о прошлом с использованием модальных глаголов — эти грамматические структуры ученикам бывает особенно сложно использовать, так как конструкция состоит из модального глагола, вспомогательного глагола и смыслового глагола. Отрывки из “How to train your dragon” «Как приручить дракона» помогут студентам.

• Hiccup’s secret about his best friend dragon Toothless has just been revealed. His father Stoik is furious. Watch the video of their conversation (0:00 – 0:24) and fill in the gaps:

Stoik: I should _______ _______ (have known). I _______ _______ _______ (should have seen) the signs! We had a deal!
Hiccup: Dad! I know we did but that was before… Aaarh… it’s all so messed up.
Stoik: So, everything in the rink… a trick! A lie…
Hiccup: I screwed up. I _______ _______ _______ (should have told) you before now. I just… You… Take this out on me be mad at me but, please, don’t hurt Toothless.

Answer the questions:

  1. Did Stoik (Hiccup’s father) know about dragon Toothless before this argument?
  2. Did Hiccup tell his father about the dragon before?
  3. Why did they use perfect infinitive after modal verbs?
Помимо иллюстрации использования непростой грамматической конструкции (модальный глагол + Perfect Infinitive) этот отрывок интересен тем, что герои используют фразовые глаголы. Для их отработки предложите ученику задание.

Look at the words in bold and match the phrasal verbs to their meanings:

Как отработать грамматику с помощью фильмов и мультфильмов
Answers: 1B, 2C, 3A, 4D

Еще один отрывок из саги «Как приручить дракона» иллюстрирует использование модальных глаголов could и would.

Watch the extract (0:00 – 0:50) and fill in the gaps:

Astrid: It’s a mess. You must _______ (feel) horrible. You’ve lost everything: your father, your tribe, your best friend.
Hiccup: Thank you for summing that up. Why couldn’t I _______ _______ (have killed) that dragon when I found him in the woods? It _______ _______ _______ (would have been) better for everyone.
Astrid: Yep. The rest of us _______ _______ _______ (would have done) it. So why didn’t you? Why didn’t you?
Hiccup: I don’t know.

Answer the questions:

  1. Look at the forms of the verbs after “must” and after “Couldn’t” and “would”. Why are they different? 
  2. Why didn’t Hiccup kill the dragon in your opinion? Watch, listen and check if you were right. (video 0:50 – 1:50)
Рассказываем о записи аудиоинтервью в рамках отбора преподавателей в Skyeng

Adjectives

Степени сравнения прилагательных обычно не представляют сложности для учеников, кроме форм исключений. Запомнить их помогут видеоотрывки:

Watch the video “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s stone” (2:30-2:40) and write the missing word:

Hermione: Now. If you two don’t mind, I go to bed before either of you come up with another clever idea to get us killed or _______ (worse) — expelled!

Answer the questions:

  1. What does Hermione consider to be better?
  2. Why?

• Watch the extract of the trailer “Moana” (11:20-11:37) and write the missing word:

Moana: We are going to the realm of monsters.
Maui: Don’t worry. It’s a lot ________ (father) down than it looks… I’m still falling!

Использование разнообразных прилагательных показывает богатство и красоту английского языка. Давайте посмотрим на два видеоотрывка. Предложите студенту вписать пропущенные слова.

• Watch the video “The Road to El Dorado” and fill in the gaps:

Our ________ (glorious) city
Was built by the divinities by Gods
Who saw fit to ________ (bestow)
The gift of a paradise
________ (Peaceful) and ________ (harmonious) upon
Us mere mortals below
And made El Dorado
The ________ (magnificent) and  ________ (golden)
One thousand years ago.
El Dorado, El Dorado, El Dorado

• Match the synonyms:

Glorious, magnificent, admirable, tranquil, wonderful, give, well balanced, peaceful, harmonious, bestow.

Answers: glorious — admirable, magnificent — wonderful, peaceful — tranquil, harmonious — well balanced, bestow — give.

Видеопрезентация Бэна в начале фильма “The Intern” считается образцом, который можно использовать для обучения.

• Watch the video and fill in the gaps:

So, here I am applying to be one of your interns because the more I think about this idea, the more ________ (tremendous) I think it is. I love the idea of having a place I can go every day. I want the connection, the ________ (excitement), I wanna be ________ (challenged) and I guess I might even wanna be needed. The tech staff  might take a bit to figure out I have to call my 9 year old grandson just to find out what a USB connector was but I’ll get the eager to learn. Also I want you to know I’ve been a company man for all my life. I’m ________ (loyal), I’m ________ (trustworthy) and I’m ________ (good in a crisis). And I love that you’re right here in Brooklyn. I’ve lived here for all my life and lately I feel I may be not hip enough to live in Brooklyn so this could help with that too. I read once musicians don’t retire, they stop when there’s no music in them. Well, I still have music in me. Absolutely positive about that

Then answer the questions:

  1. Watch the video. Do you think Ben will get the job?
  2. What does he say about his personality? What does he say about his job motivation?
  3. Explain the meanings of the words in the gaps.

Еще больше идей, как использовать кино на уроках английского:

Видеоролики, особенно если это интересные и знакомые ученику фильмы и мультфильмы, позволят ярко и эффективно закрепить языковой материал. А что используете вы? Пожалуйста, поделитесь опытом в комментариях!

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