В этом плане урока английского языка мы предлагаем обсудить с учениками технологии с точки зрения исторического контекста: как они зарождались, что такое «цифровая революция», навыки и компетенции будущего, заменят ли роботы людей, плюсы и минусы влияния технологий на современную жизнь. Кроме этого, через задания на чтение, аудирование, письмо и говорение вы сможете отработать с ними слова и идиомы по теме.

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Цель урока: развить навыки и компетенции учащихся по пониманию и осмыслению темы «Технологии», а также научить студентов ориентироваться в разных исторических контекстах, свободно владея лексикой для описания того или иного этапа, в которых фигурировали разные технологии.

Задачи урока:

  1. Научить понимать историческое значение технологий и их влияние на жизнь.
  2. Отработать типичные экзаменационные задания на знание английского: скорочтение, умение работать с большими текстами, восприятие информации на слух, оперативное написание эссе по заданной теме.
  3. Научить ориентироваться в незнакомой лексике и улавливать смысл текста и/или аудиоматериала.

Содержание:

Idioms List

Желательно выслать список идиом за несколько дней до урока, попросив ученика самостоятельно перевести незнакомые слова.
  1. In the loop
  2. Byte the bullet
  3. The whole nine yards
  4. Crunch the numbers
  5. Plug and play
  6. Push the envelope
  7. In the pipeline
  8. Crash and burn
  9. Mind the gap
  10. Smoke and mirrors

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Другие статьи о преподавании в Skyeng для учителей английского:

Warm-up

Упражнение 1. Обсуждение вопросов

Предложите ученику развернуто ответить на десять вопросов:

  1. How do you think emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence and automation, will impact the job market in the future?
  2. In what ways has technology improved or hindered communication between people?
  3. What are the ethical considerations surrounding the use of advanced technologies like facial recognition or biometric data collection?
  4. How has the Internet of Things (IoT) changed the way we interact with everyday objects and our living spaces?
  5. Do you think the benefits of self-driving cars outweigh the potential risks and concerns? Why or why not?
  6. How can society address the issue of technological advancements contributing to job displacement? What solutions do you propose?
  7. What role do you think virtual reality and augmented reality will play in various industries, such as education, healthcare, or entertainment?
  8. Are there any specific technologies or innovations you are excited about or concerned about in the near future? Why?
  9. How can we ensure that technological advancements are accessible and beneficial for everyone, regardless of socioeconomic status?
  10. Do you believe there should be more regulations on the development and use of certain technologies? Why or why not?
Больше статей от экспертов Skyeng по теме «Технологии»:

Упражнение 2. Работа со статьей

Попросите студента изучить статью «10 Must-Have Skills For The Future Workplace» и ответить на вопрос:

  • Какие навыки будут более востребованными в будущем?

Дайте 3–5 минут на быстрое ознакомление с предложенным текстом. Этот навык также полезно тренировать при подготовке к международному экзамену.

Также перед уроком за несколько дней можно предложить ознакомиться со стратегиями чтения текста, о которых мы писали ранее в нашем блоге.

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Vocabulary

Упражнение 3. Работа со списком идиом

Эта работа включает в себя два направления. Ученику необходимо:

  1. Соединить фразу с ее значением.
  2. Составить 2-3 предложения с наиболее понравившимися фразами.
Идиомы:Их значения:
1. In the loopa) Refers to a device or system that is easy to set up and use, requiring minimal effort.
2. Byte the bulletb) Going to great lengths or providing all available resources, often used in discussions about comprehensive IT solutions.
3. The whole nine yardsc) Deceptive or misleading elements, often used when discussing the illusion of complexity in technology.
4. Crunch the numbersd) A catastrophic failure or malfunction, often used to describe a system or program failure in IT.
5. Plug and playe) To analyze data or perform calculations, commonly used in IT and data analysis contexts.
6. Push the envelopef) To endure or face a difficult situation in the field of information technology.
7. In the pipelineg) To go beyond established limits or boundaries, often used in the context of technological innovation.
8. Crash and burnh) Be aware of the difference or gap between different technologies or versions.
9. Mind the gapi) Something that is in the process of being developed or planned, particularly in the IT industry.
10. Smoke and mirrorsj) Being well-informed or included in the latest updates and information, often in the context of technology or IT developments.
Правильные ответы:
  1. j)
  2. f)
  3. b)
  4. e)
  5. a)
  6. g)
  7. i)
  8. d)
  9. h)
  10. c)
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The following words are fundamental in the IT and technology fields, representing key concepts and technologies widely used in the industry. Could you provide the meaning for every word?

The list of the words:

  1. Algorithm
  2. Encryption
  3. Blockchain
  4. IoT (Internet of Things)
  5. Cybersecurity
  6. Machine Learning
  7. Virtual Reality (VR)
  8. Agile
Правильные ответы:
  1. A step-by-step set of instructions or rules followed by a computer to perform a specific task or solve a particular problem.
  2. The process of converting data into a code to secure it from unauthorized access, ensuring privacy and confidentiality.
  3. A decentralized and distributed digital ledger that records transactions across multiple computers, ensuring transparency and security.
  4. The interconnection of everyday objects and devices to the internet, allowing them to send and receive data for improved functionality and efficiency.
  5. Measures and practices implemented to protect computer systems, networks, and data from cyber threats, attacks, and unauthorized access.
  6. A subset of artificial intelligence that involves the development of algorithms and models that enable computers to learn and make predictions or decisions based on data.
  7. A computer-generated simulation of an environment or experience that users can interact with, often using specialized equipment such as VR headsets.
  8. An iterative and flexible approach to project management and software development that emphasizes collaboration, adaptability, and customer feedback.

Reading

Упражнение 4. Работа с текстом

Предложите студенту выбрать один из двух текстов и поработать с ним:

  1. Topic: artificial intelligence
  2. Topic: The first inventions
Примечание к работе над текстами: текст на уроке можно и нужно читать. Этот навык необходим для отработки произношения, а также для понимания основной мысли.

После каждого прочитанного абзаца советуем начать работу по одному из нескольких направлений.

  1. Можно попросить учащихся найти синонимы. Даете синоним — студент ищет его в тексте. Например, для первого абзаца такие слова: different (в тексте — various), affect (в тексте — influence).
  2. Второй абзац можно предложить пересказать. Такой навык позволяет концентрироваться на деталях.
  3. После прочтения третьего абзаца, можно попросить порассуждать о том, какие последствия в будущем ждет наш мир в результате повсеместного внедрения технологий.

Подробные задания избавят учащихся от монотонного чтения текстов, если после каждого прочитанного абзаца их ожидают разнообразные задания.

Topic: artificial intelligence

The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on the Future

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is rapidly transforming various aspects of our lives, promising unprecedented advancements and posing intriguing challenges. As we delve deeper into the age of AI, its influence is felt across diverse fields, ranging from healthcare to finance, education to entertainment.

AI has already made significant contributions, streamlined processes and enhancing efficiency. In healthcare, for instance, AI aids in diagnostic accuracy, accelerates drug discovery, and even assists in personalized treatment plans. Furthermore, AI-driven technologies are revolutionizing customer service, making interactions more seamless and personalized through chatbots and virtual assistants.

The future implications of AI are both exciting and thought-provoking. The integration of AI into everyday devices and systems is becoming more prevalent, leading to the concept of the Internet of Things (IoT). Smart homes, autonomous vehicles, and interconnected cities are on the horizon, offering convenience but also raising questions about privacy and security.

As AI continues to evolve, concerns about its impact on employment arise. Automation and AI-driven technologies have the potential to streamline workflows, but they may also lead to job displacement. Striking a balance between technological advancement and the well-being of the workforce becomes a critical consideration for the future.

После работы над текстом можно обсудить 3-5 вопросов на выбор студента.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. How has AI impacted your daily life or the industries you are familiar with?
  2. In what ways do you envision AI contributing to advancements in healthcare, and are there any concerns about its role in the medical field?
  3. What are the potential benefits and challenges of integrating AI into education?
  4. Do you believe that the widespread adoption of AI in society will lead to increased convenience or potential privacy and security issues?
  5. How might AI influence the concept of work in the future? Are there particular industries that you think will be more affected than others?
  6. Considering the potential for job displacement, what strategies or policies could be implemented to ensure a smooth transition in the workforce?
  7. In your opinion, what ethical considerations should be taken into account as AI becomes more prevalent in various aspects of our lives?
  8. What role do you think governments and organizations should play in regulating and overseeing the development and deployment of AI technologies?
  9. Are there any concerns or fears you have about AI that you believe should be addressed by researchers, developers, or policymakers?
  10. How can society ensure that the benefits of AI are distributed equitably, and access to these technologies is not limited to certain groups or regions?

После каждого прочитанного абзаца следует придумать задания (пример упражнений приведен выше к тексту про искусственный интеллект).

Больше планов уроков для высоких уровней:
Topic: The first inventions

Pioneering Inventions: The Impact of Early Technologies on the Future

The late 19th and early 20th centuries witnessed the emergence of groundbreaking inventions that would forever alter the course of human communication and connectivity. Among these transformative inventions were the radio and the telephone, both of which not only revolutionized how people communicated but laid the foundation for the interconnected world we live in today.

The invention of the radio by Guglielmo Marconi in the late 19th century marked a milestone in the history of telecommunications. Suddenly, news, music, and entertainment could be broadcast over long distances, connecting people globally. The radio became a powerful tool for disseminating information and shaping public opinion, influencing culture and society in ways previously unimaginable.

Similarly, the telephone, credited to Alexander Graham Bell, brought about a paradigm shift in interpersonal communication. No longer confined to written correspondence or face-to-face interactions, individuals could now connect in real-time, transcending geographical barriers. The telephone not only transformed personal communication but also revolutionized business, enabling faster and more efficient exchanges of information.

The impact of these early inventions extends far beyond their initial introduction. As precursors to modern telecommunications, the radio and telephone paved the way for subsequent innovations. Today, we witness the culmination of these advancements in the form of smartphones, the internet, and instantaneous global communication.

Здесь тоже после работы над текстом можно обсудить 3-5 вопросов на выбор учащегося.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. Reflect on the significance of the radio and the telephone in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. How did these inventions change the way people communicated during that time?
  2. In what ways did the radio contribute to shaping public opinion, culture, and society during its early years? Are there any modern parallels to its influence?
  3. How did the telephone revolutionize personal and business communication? Can you think of specific examples or scenarios where the telephone had a profound impact?
  4. Consider the challenges and opportunities that arose with the introduction of the radio and telephone. How did society adapt to these new technologies?
  5. In what ways did the radio and telephone serve as precursors to modern communication technologies? How do you see the legacy of these inventions in today’s digital age?
  6. Compare the societal impact of early inventions like the radio and telephone with the transformative technologies of today, such as smartphones and the internet. How do they differ, and how are they similar?
  7. Discuss the role of technological innovation in shaping the future. How do early inventions contribute to a foundation for future advancements?
  8. Consider the impact of these inventions on globalization. How did the radio and telephone contribute to breaking down geographical barriers, and how has this trend continued in contemporary times?
  9. What lessons can we learn from the introduction of the radio and telephone regarding the societal acceptance of new technologies? Are there parallels with the challenges faced by modern innovations?
  10. In your opinion, how might the world be different today if the radio and telephone had not been invented? How have these inventions influenced the way we live and communicate?

Writing

Упражнение 5. Написание эссе

Write a short paragraph expressing your opinion on the impact of technologies on society. Consider both positive and negative aspects.

Короткое эссе должно включать максимум 10 предложений. В работу должны быть включены новые слова из урока, идиомы или устойчивые выражения. На работу следует отвести 5–7 минут. После этого педагог проверяет эссе вместе с учащимся, поправляя стиль и ход изложения мысли.

Listening

Упражнение 6. Обсуждение видео

Выберите одно их этих видео и обсудите с учеником основную идею ролика.

Will AI and Robots help or harm society?

How will robots change society?

Is technology changing people for better or worse?

Коллеги, а какие упражнения вы используете для отработки этой темы с учениками уровня Upper-Intermediate и Advanced? Поделитесь с нами в комментариях!
Комментарии (2)
  • Фото аватара

    Спасибо !!! Очень полезно для перезагрузки

    11.04.2024
  • Фото аватара
    Татьяна

    Спасибо за интересную разработку!
    bite the bullet)))

    02.04.2024

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